The "beloved disciple," was brother to James the Great. The churches of

Smyrna, Pergamos, Sardis, Philadelphia, Laodicea, and Thyatira, were

founded by him. From Ephesus he was ordered to be sent to Rome, where it

is affirmed he was cast into a cauldron of boiling oil. He escaped by

miracle, without injury. Domitian afterwards banished him to the Isle of

Patmos, where he wrote the Book of Revelation. Nerva, the successor of

Domitian, recalled him. He was the only apostle who escaped a violent